Saving The Tiger

"The Tiger is a large hearted gentleman with boundless courage and when he is exterminated-as exterminated he will be unless public opinion rallies to his support-India will be poorer by having lost the finest of her fauna". Jim Corbett

Before the arrival of the British in India these forests were the private property of the local rulers. After their ownership transferred into British hands in 1820 these forests were mercilessly exploited for the want of timber wood and lust of animal trophies. In 1858 the first comprehensive plan to protect these forest was drew up by Major Ramsay and after 36 years of careful vigilance the condition of these forest began to improve.

In 1879 these forests were declared as "Reserved forest" In 1907, a dedicated Michael Keen explored the possibilities of forming a game sanctuary. but his proposal was turn down by the Governor of the state John Hewitt.

In 1916 and 1917 the attempts to declare this forest a sanctuary by divisional forest officers E. R. Stevens and Smythies were also turn down by the then area commissioner Wyndham. During this time Colonel Jim Corbett had been roaming in these jungles looking for man-eaters. he had a thorough knowledge of these forest. In 1934 Governor of the state Sir Malcolm Hailey lent his support for turning this into a sanctuary, Smytheis tried to persuade to accord it the status of a National Park through legislation. In consultation with Jim Corbett he marked the boundaries of the proposed National Park.

The United Province National Park Act was enacted in 1936 and as a result, this became the India's first National park & world's third. Since Hailey's efforts made it possible, it was named as Hailey's National Park Area. In 1952 after the independence of India it was renamed as Ramganga National Park, In 1957 after the death of Jim Corbett it was finally renamed as the Corbett National park in honor of the hunter, naturalist, conservationist and photographer who played a major role in demarcating the park boundaries and setting it up.

The Project Tiger

In 1973  India launched one of the most prestigious and the biggest total environmental conservation project with the help of  WWF -The project Tiger, and the Corbett National Park was chosen as the launching site of the project and in April 1973 it became the first Tiger reserve of the country and is one of the best protected area of the world.

Conservation

While conservation & protection of the flora and fauna are irrefragable issues themselves, it is very sad that development, progress, industrialization, need and greed of human species have always suppress the need and space of the other species. We always forget that this very planet Earth is not solely our property but we share it with other species.

Today the jungle and its inhabitants not only in India but all over the globe is in trouble and there are a countless number of species which are only because of humans are on the verge of extinction. And so is the Tiger the essence of the Indian jungles. All those who think all is well in the Indian Jungles are on the wrong end, the thin fabric of believe that National Parks & Sanctuary's are free from poachers had been badly torn apart with the increasing number of poaching, in 2000 Corbett and Now Sariska is a burning example. Conservationist are asking stricter protection scientific techniques of census and forest officers to be given necessary equipments and funds to fight vested intrests.

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